Bargello embroidery with 3D effect
Bargello - it is embroidery, which also called Florentine or "Hungarian stitch". Beautiful embroidery, which is performed with just one simple stitch, is not very easy in perception.
With this simple technique, you can create a unique effect. When looking at the embroidery, you will notice that it creates an optical illusion. Some motifs reminiscent of appearing one after the other flames, while others - the rolling waves, the northern lights, fluttering ribbons or basket made of twigs. These patterns are generated by selecting different color threads that fit in the form of stitches. Thus, shades are moving from one to the other, creating a gradient, volume, or monochrome light and shadow.
Classical variant embroidery Fiorentina performed using vertical stitches. To you get a continuous pattern that is created from successive colored torches, you definitely need to keep an eye on the length of the stitch, which can vary depending on the pattern. Also, the stitches should adjoin each other tightly to leave no gaps between them.
Bargello embroidery is a multi-colored patterns, which completely cover the base. It turns out the effect of a woven fabric. This work is simple, but it allows you to create durable and strong subjects of church and home decoration.
If you are interested in fashion, you will immediately notice that many of the patterns that resemble embroidery Missoni zigzag. But appearing in this embroidery zigzag patterns came to us from afar. And contemporary designers they could not be borrowed. In the history of fashion at everyone the way.
The history of embroidery Bargello
In Italy, this embroidery technique called punto unghero, which means "Hungarian stitch" and fiorentino, which means "Florentine embroidery." From this we see that the countries Italy and Hungary are arguing for the primacy of the discovery of the technique. But we will not argue about it.
Indeed, many legends and versions that have been created around the appearance of embroidery, unreliable and not supported by historical facts. Therefore, we will leave to solve these puzzles historians of fashion and art.
In Italy, it is the palace of the Bargello, which was built in the middle of the thirteenth century, for the ruler of the city. After that, it housed the head of the judiciary and the executive branch, and then - the Council of Justice, and after him it belonged to the captain of the police guards of the city. The word comes from the Bargello Lombard barigildus, which means "the captain, the judge."
In this palace deciding the legal case, there could be heard the groans of prisoners and executed.
Currently, this palace is the Bargello Museum, which is one of the finest museums of Florence, which contains works by the most prominent artists of the Renaissance. And the exhibits there are also various collections, including the collection of chairs and decorated with unique embroidery Bargello. It was from there and went this title.
There is ample evidence that this type of needlework is also engaged in Polish women. Hungarian Princess Jadwiga, when in the fourteenth century, married the Polish king Jagiello, all impressed with the way she knows how to embroider in the Bargello technique. Of course, she immediately wanted to imitate all the ladies of the court, as in Poland, the embroidery was popular too.
Also, the plasma patterns were common in France, the Netherlands and England. The British museums "Chastleton House" and "Parham House" stored artifacts, embroidered this technique. And they date back to 1560-1585 years. Then this type of embroidery called Flame Stitch, which means fiery stitch.
In France, the SVS embroidery became popular in the nale of the seventeenth century, where it became known as "bergamo", ie, "Bergamo". This technique of embroidery has also been developed in the Czech Republic. Museum exhibits confirm that this type of embroidery was distributed throughout Europe.
A Florentine embroidery has developed its own way. Surely, a source of inspiration embroiderers steel fabric privozimye from the East. After all, the way they passed through Italy. Vintage patterns often imitated figures oriental fabrics. Italian embroidery tradition carefully preserved and passed on to their offspring. This embroidery has become a true landmark of the country
Objects, embroidered in the style made in family workshops. Often it was lining upholstered furniture, pillows and blankets, which were decorated with flames or geometric patterns.
For several years, the embroidery was the same fulfillment, but among the masters-embroiderers will always be those who seek to create a more sophisticated patterns, and some even manage it.
In the seventies of the twentieth century, this type of embroidery began to perform not only straight stitches arranged in one direction, but also in eight or twelve ways. Thus it turned kaleidoscope effect. Inspiration modern embroiderers draw in museum exhibits and photos, adding embroidery vision of beauty, using the different texture of yarn, ribbon and beads. So Bargello embroidery continues on his way, surprising us with its beauty, as well as visual effects.
How to master the technique of embroidery?
Do not think that embroider using this technique difficult than cross stitching.
For embroidery, you will need to choose the right foundation and thread. For those who are just learning to embroider, to make better use of thicker yarns of different types, such as wool. Generally in the embroidery thread you can use different types - from silk to wool.
Embroider better on the base fabric with a rare and even weave. If so you do not have, you can sew the fabric to the canvas.
Needles should be chosen with large eye, because the embroidery is done with woolen thick filaments, although it all depends on the willingness of the needlewoman. Better to choose curvy and soft yarns, picking them by color.
You will also need the hoop and sharp scissors. Embroider follows a pattern. Classic embroidery Bargello from right to left and left to right. Figure diverges from the middle to the edges of fabric. This embroidery technique refers to the surface of the counting, and there you can find a variety of performance techniques, but they are all united by the filaments. Here everyone can choose what suits him.
To embroider in this technology should start in the classic version, using vertical stitches. In this case, width and stitch length, and number of stages should be set in the first row, and the rest is carried out by analogy, but it is necessary to increase the number of stages.
Sometimes the pattern involves change. Beginners embroiderers noticed this scheme. In this case, you definitely need to ensure that the stitches went smoothly, and this thread is equally stretched. And before the next row nalom needle should fall exactly in the previous puncture. These guidelines will help you create your own unique design things. This may be a belt, bag, table cloth, souvenirs, purse, pillow or blanket. Fashion designers are constantly trying to come up with something new, but you can also do it. When you see how there are patterns to create visual effects, you will realize that the human imagination is limitless. Embroidery is able to create a certain mood, to disperse the melancholy and even improve health. This is sure to keep in mind those who feel lonely or falls into a depression.